Typhoid fever study, Richmond, Va. [lantern slide]

Files

Valentine_Typhoid Fever Study_I_V_81_99_08 rsz.jpg

Title

Typhoid fever study, Richmond, Va. [lantern slide]

Description

Lantern slide. Image taken in Richmond, Va in 1907. 

The Richmond Health Department formed in 1906. One of its early initiatives (1907) was to investigate 433 cases of typhoid fever, creating the city’s first systematic study of infectious disease. In 1908, Dr. Ernest C. Levy (1868–1938), head of the Richmond Health Department, published the survey findings in The Old Dominion Journal of Medicine and Surgery. Dr. Levy discussed the generally declining rate of typhoid fever cases in Richmond from 1880 to 1907 but noted several outbreaks of the disease in 1881, 1884 and 1900.

While one cluster of outbreaks in Church Hill was determined to come from a typhoid-infected confectioner, a larger proportion of cases were from properties on the outskirts of the city that generally used well water and lacked sewage systems. 

Creator

Richmond Health Department

Source

V.81.99.08, The Valentine

Date

1907

Contributor

The Valentine

Rights

This Work has been digitized in a public-private partnership. As part of this partnership, the partners have agreed to limit commercial uses of this digital representation of the Work by third parties. You can, without permission, copy, modify, distribute, display, or perform the Item, for non-commercial uses. For any other permissible uses, please review the terms and conditions of the organization that has made the Item available. 
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-NC/1.0/

Notes

Learn more:
Levy, E. C. and Freeman, A. W. (1908). Certain conclusions concerning typhoid fever in the south, as deduced from a study of typhoid fever in Richmond Virginia. The Old Dominion Journal of Medicine and Surgery, VII (5), November 1908, 315-338. 
Carr, Laura (2014).Typhoid fever! The Valentine (blog).
Hughes, Megan (2018). Typhoid fever! The Valentine (blog).
Society for the Betterment of Housing and Living Conditions in Richmond, Virginia (1913). Report on housing and living conditions in the neglected sections of Richmond, Virginia.

Collection

Citation

Richmond Health Department, “Typhoid fever study, Richmond, Va. [lantern slide],” Social Welfare History Image Portal, accessed June 24, 2018, https://images.socialwelfare.library.vcu.edu/items/show/307.