Bond, Piedmont Sanatorium


VMHC_MSS4.p5957.A1.Piedmont_v1_VHS rsz.jpg


Bond, Piedmont Sanatorium


Bond, issued in 1917 in return for a donationof $1.00 toward the construction of Piedmont Sanatorium. 

The Piedmont Sanatorium was established in Burkeville, Virginia, in June, 1918. At that time, tuberculosis was one of the leading causes of death for African Americans, but segregated health care in Virginia dictated that blacks could receive treatment in only two facilities—Central State Hospital (a mental health facility) and the state penitentiary.

The Negro Organization Society initiated discussions with the State Board of Health, particularly Agnes D. Randolph, the Director of the Bureau of Tuberculosis Education. Randolph was instrumental in convincing the state government to establish a facility for African Americans.

The Negro Organization Society continued to be heavily involved with the issue, from raising public awareness to donating funds to improve the facility. Piedmont Sanatorium had closed by 1965, when black patients began to be sent to Blue Ridge Sanatorium, near Charlottesville. 

"This Bond is issued for the purpose of cooperation with the Negro Organization Society to erect and to equip one Building to be used for the patients and to include rooms for visiting Doctors who shall from time to time be invited for study to the Sanatorium. The purchaser hereby receives a share in the benefit and happiness to be derived."


Piedmont Sanatorium


Manuscripts, Call Number Mss4 P5957 a 1, Library of the Virginia Museum of History & Culture, Virginia Historical Society




Virginia Museum of History & Culture, Virginia Historical Society


The organization that has made the Item available believes that the Item is in the Public Domain under the laws of the United States, but a determination was not made as to its copyright status under the copyright laws of other countries. The Item may not be in the Public Domain under the laws of other countries. Please refer to the organization that has made the Item available for more information.

Acknowledgement of the Virginia Historical Society as a source is requested.


Learn more:
The White Plague: Tuberculosis, Discovery Set, Social Welfare History Image Portal
Tuberculosis, Social Welfare History Project
Tuberculosis, Social Welfare History Image Portal 
Tuberculosis Sanatoriums in Virginia: Catawba, Piedmont, and Blue Ridge, Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, University of Virginia 
France J. J. (1920). A Post-Graduate Course in Tuberculosis at the Piedmont Sanatorium, Burkeville, Va. Journal of the National Medical Association, 12(2), 16–21. (link to PDF) 
The Rules of Good Health and Directions for Spring Cleaning. Prepared and Issued at the Request of the Negro Organization Society of Virginia (1917 April 5). Virginia Public Health Bulletin, IX(2) Extra.


Piedmont Sanatorium, “Bond, Piedmont Sanatorium,” Social Welfare History Image Portal, accessed May 20, 2024,