National Busing Report, Vol. 1, No. 11, October 1972

Files

VMHC_L11 N5 (p. 1) rsz.jpg
VMHC_L11 N5 (p. 2) rsz.jpg
VMHC_National Busing Report L11 N5 (p. 3) rsz.jpg
VMHC_L11 N5 (p. 4) rsz.jpg
VMHC_National Busing Report editorial cartoon Jack Knox L11 N5 (p. 3).jpg

Title

National Busing Report, Vol. 1, No. 11, October 1972

Description

This is a publication of the anti-busing Save Our Neighborhood Schools, Inc., (SONS) organization.

In the 1970 case, Bradley v. Richmond School Board, Judge Robert Merhige, Jr., ordered limited citywide busing in order to integrate Richmond, Virginia, schools, resulting in further white flight. Opposition from white parents was fierce and organized, as evidenced by groups such as SONS.

Merhige's decision was overturned on June 6, 1972 by the U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, which was affirmed a year later in the U.S. Supreme Court. The Court subsequently invalidated most busing across city-county boundaries and, unable to counteract white flight, many city schools again became overwhelmingly black.

The trend continued through the late-twentieth century, and Richmond neighborhoods were more racially segregated in 1980 than in 1960.

Detail from page 3: editorial cartoon by Jack Knox, reprinted from the Nashville Banner

Creator

Save Our Neighborhood Schools, Inc.

Source

General collection, Call Number L11 .N5, and General collection, Call Number L11 .S5, Library of the Virginia Museum of History and Culture, Virginia Historical Society

Publisher

Save Our Neighborhood Schools, Inc.

Date

1972 October

Contributor

Virginia Museum of History and Culture, Virginia Historical Society

Rights

NO COPYRIGHT – UNITED STATES


The organization that has made the Item available believes that the Item is in the Public Domain under the laws of the United States, but a determination was not made as to its copyright status under the copyright laws of other countries. The Item may not be in the Public Domain under the laws of other countries. Please refer to the organization that has made the Item available for more information.
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/

Acknowledgement of the Virginia Historical Society as a source is requested.

 

Notes

Learn more: 

Busing, Social Welfare History Image Portal

3,300 Autos Driven To Capital in ProtestThe New York Times, February 18, 1972.

Pratt, Robert A. The Color of Their Skin: Education and Race in Richmond, Virginia, 1954-89. 

The Conscience of Virginia: Judge Robert R. Merhige, Jr., and the Politics of School Desegregation 

Bradley v. School Board of City of Richmond, Virginia, 338 F. Supp. 67 (E.D. Va. 1972) 

Citation

Save Our Neighborhood Schools, Inc., “National Busing Report, Vol. 1, No. 11, October 1972,” Social Welfare History Image Portal, accessed April 1, 2020, https://images.socialwelfare.library.vcu.edu/items/show/526.