Browse Items (33 total)

Valentine_Ku Klux Klan Parade 1925 Richmond VA V_58_158_01 rsz.jpg
Wearing white robes and hoods, members of the Ku Klux Klan, a right-wing extremist organization, parade on Grace Street in Richmond circa 1925. This photograph was taken at the intersection of Grace and Fifth streets, just a few blocks from the…

Valentine Influenza Virus Vaccine_WHClark_I_V_85_37_2477 rsz.jpg
After the influenza virus was finally identified in 1933, researchers immediately started to develop a vaccine. The first flu vaccine was approved for U.S. military use in 1945 and for civilian use in 1946. Unfortunately, the flu has several types,…

Valentine_VirginiaHome for Incurables_cook593 rsz.jpg
In 1894, Mary Tinsley Greenhow, who as a teenager was paralyzed during a horse riding accident, founded the Virginia Home for Incurables. Disabled Richmonders needing life-long care lived at the home near Capitol Square. In 1898, the home moved to W.…

Valentine_Open Air Classroom 1916_I_Cook1657 rsz.jpg
In the early-20th century, Europe and the U.S. saw the rise of “open air” schools intended to create healthy environments to combat tuberculosis using the principles of sanatoria. Sometimes purpose-built, and sometimes converted spaces, open air…

Valentine Cook_Anti-TB_Show 1921 rsz.jpg
French bacteriologists Albert Calmette (1863–1933) and Camille Guérin (1872–1961) finalized the Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine for tuberculosis in 1921. The vaccine remains the only tuberculosis vaccine in use today. While not perfect,…

Valentine_Richmond Male Orphan Soc_Cook rsz.jpg
Boys standing outside the Richmond Male Orphan Society at Amelia and Meadow Streets, Richmond, Va. The Richmond Male Orphan Society began in 1846 when the director of the Female Humane Association was approached by a homeless boy begging for coins.…

Valentine_BethanyHome_Cook Collection rsz.jpg
Lucy and J. R. F. Burroughs founded the Bethany Home for Friendless Children in 1894. The childless couple established the orphanage on their 165-acre farm, located near Bon Air in Chesterfield County. Incorporated in 1898, Bethany Home had no…

Valentine_Defenders of State Sovereignty and Individual Liberties  brochure I_V_2011_02_01_ p1 rsz.jpg
Publication of The Defenders of State Sovereignty and Individual Liberties, a grassroots political organization dedicated to preserving strict racial segregation in Virginia's public schools. The group was established in Petersburg in October 1954…

Valentine_CityHome rsz.jpg
City Home, an almshouse located at 210 Hospital Street, Richmond, VA. Shown here circa 1960.Richmond’s Committee for the Relief of the Poor managed white and black almshouses, a soup kitchen, a hospital and other health and social services.…

Valentine_YWCA button_1916_V_36_37_66.jpg
Pinback button The Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) first met in New York City in 1858. While based in Christianity, the YWCA was more focused on social issues, initially affordable housing for working women. It later was active in the…

Valentine_Committee on Relief of the Poor_V_48_100_19 rsz.jpg
Richmond’s Committee for the Relief of the Poor managed white and black almshouses, a soup kitchen, a hospital and other health and social services. Construction of a new white almshouse on Hospital Street finished in 1860. During the Civil War,…

Valentine_Cholera Parade float 1929_I_V_45_15_1024 rsz.jpg
This parade float from Richmond’s Adventure Days (1929) served as a public health reminder of cholera, noting “Richmonders Died at the Average Age of 24 in 1872.”

Valentine_FriendsAssoc_V_45_15_243 rsz.jpg
Lucy Goode Brooks (1818–1900) and members of the Ladies Sewing Circle for Charitable Work established the Friends Asylum for Colored Orphans in 1871. These formerly enslaved women enlisted the support of the Cedar Creek Meeting Society of Friends…

Valentine_Anti suffrage postcard I_V_76_195_14 mice rsz.jpg
Anti-suffrage postcard. The front has gold lettering, with a different color for each capital letter, green, purple, red, blue, orange. Silhouettes of three mice appear at the top of the card. Text:"As soon as I find a / Woman / Suffragist, / Who is…

Valentine_Chest Xray Pinback button_V_83_158_20_v1 rsz.jpg
"I've Had My Chest X-Ray" button with red double-bar cross that was the emblem of the National Tuberculosis Association anti-TB crusade.  People can be exposed to tuberculosis bacteria and become infected. Some who are infected go on to develop…

Valentine_Candlelight AIDS Memorial Vigil_Don Pennell_ I_V_88_68_144 rsz.jpg
In 1981, Dr. Michael Gottlieb of UCLA identified a new disease that, among its many signs, severely weakened the immune system. Named acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), this disease was initially seen among gay men in large cities.  Human…

Valentine_BethSholom_V_66_10_282 rsz.jpg
Nurse Lucille Meador walks through the snow wearing snowshoes at the Beth Sholom Home of Virginia, 5729 Fitzhugh Avenue, Henrico County, Virginia The Beth Sholom Home of Virginia opened in 1945 as Virginia’s first Jewish nursing home. Originally…

Valentine_Typhoid Fever Study_I_V_81_99_08 rsz.jpg
Lantern slide. Image taken in Richmond, Va in 1907. The Richmond Health Department formed in 1906. One of its early initiatives (1907) was to investigate 433 cases of typhoid fever, creating the city’s first systematic study of infectious disease.…

Anti busing protesters P_74_11_18o_rsz.jpg
Black and white photograph of people preparing for an anti-busing demonstration. A woman stands holding an American flag, and a man standing with her wears a hand-lettered anti-busing sign, "Forced bussing & consolidation of schools will lead to…

Anti school busing motorcade P_74_11_18m_rsz.jpg
Black and white photograph of a Richmond-based anti-busing motorcade passing through Washington, D.C. on 2nd Street behind the U.S. Supreme Court building. A policeman walks beside two cars.On February 17, 1972, nearly 3,300 cars traveled in a…

Help save Freedom anti busing car P_74_11_18n_rsz.jpg
Black and white photograph of a man and a woman in a car during an anti-busing motorcade to Washington, D.C. The car is driving past the U.S. Supreme Court building and has a poster taped to the driver's side door of the car. The poster is of "The…

Valentine_Female Humane Society_X_48_94_19 rsz.jpg
The Memorial Foundation for Children’s story began in 1805, when a homeless girl supposedly presented herself at the door of Jean Moncure Wood, wife of Governor James E. Wood. Realizing that the city lacked a shelter for needy girls, Mrs. Wood…

Valentine_Community Fund button_V_83_158_12.jpg
Pinback button In 1924, the Richmond Area Community Council created the Community Fund, later known as the Richmond Area Community Chest. This trust centralized fundraising and fund distribution to the Council’s more than thirty member…

Valentine_United Way lapel button_V_83_158_273.jpg
Metal lapel badge for the United Way

Valentine_Salvation Army Friends League button_V_65_188_46.jpg
Pinback button In 1885, Methodist minister William Booth established the Christian Mission Center in East London for the city’s poor and homeless.  Booth changed the name to The Salvation Army in 1878, using military terms to organize the…
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